On October 4, 2016, Hurricane Matthew made landfall on southwestern Haiti as a category-4 storm—the strongest storm to hit the Caribbean nation in more than 50 years. Just hours after landfall, the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Terra satellite acquired this natural-color image. At the time, Matthew had top sustained winds of about 230 km/h (145 mph). Earlier on October 4, temperature data collected by MODIS on NASA’s Aqua satellite revealed that the cloud tops around Matthew were very cold (at least -57°C, or -70°F). Cold cloud tops are known to produce heavy rainfall. The National Hurricane Center called for 380-500 mm (15-20 in) of rain in southern Haiti and in the southwestern Dominican Republic.